How we do it
Take a look at our short videos to see how we make our books and achieve the highest possible standards in the art of facsimile production.

Our facsimiles
Since 1981 Facsimile Editions has become world-renowned for reproducing ancient manuscripts with unparalleled accuracy, careful scholarship and meticulous attention to detail.
---Each manuscript has its own identity and a special paper is milled to reflect the weight, opacity and feel of the original. Where there are holes in the original, including the tiny pin-pricks made by the scribe, these appear in the facsimile. As burnished gold has a raised surface, so metal leaf is laid mostly by hand in the facsimile. Even labels inserted by librarians are replicated together with the wear and tear endured over the centuries.
---Great care is taken at the proofing and printing stages so that the colours of the facsimile are as vibrant as the original manuscripts. The finest skins are used to bind the facsimiles so that they can be protected and handed down from generation to generation.
---We have produced many editions, including the Dead Sea Scrolls, and have never lost sight of our original mission to achieve the highest possible standards in the art of facsimile production.
Visit the Facsimile Editions
main website for detailed information or click the images below for a brief overview of some of our facsimiles.

Barcelona Haggadah
- the limited edition facsimile
The Barcelona Haggadah is recognised as one of the finest illuminated Hebrew manuscripts in the collections of London’s British Library. It dates from the middle of the fourteenth century, and is named after the heraldic shield it bears, which resembles the arms of Barcelona. The Barcelona Haggadah is outstanding for the rich decorative and representational illuminations scattered throughout the text: no fewer than 128 of its 322 pages are beautifully ornamented. Its fanciful figures and pictorial scenes provide fascinating insights into Jewish life in mediaeval Spain. For instance, music and the arts flourished in Barcelona and its environs, and the Jewish community was proud to be fully involved. Indeed, until the forced conversion of the Jewish population of Barcelona in 1401, Jewish musicians played a vital role in drawing the Jews and Christians closer together.

Kennicott Bible
- the limited edition facsimile
The Kennicott Bible - the most lavish of all Hebrew illuminated bibles.

Rothschild Haggadah
- the limited edition facsimile
Written in northern Italy in 1479, the Rothschild Haggadah is one of the most exquisite sections of the Israel Museum's Rothschild Miscellany, a manuscript unrivalled in richness and scope.
Medieval haggadot are among the most extensively decorated of all types of Hebrew manuscript, but the Rothschild Haggadah is exceptional for its elegant and elaborate illustrations of the Passover story. The original owner, Moses ben Yekutiel Hakohen, must have been a prosperous man who commissioned a manuscript to reflect his sophisticated and learned background, because the manuscript is remarkable not only for the fine quality of its illumination but for the richness of its marginal texts.
This copiously illuminated and illustrated Haggadah comprises the Ashkenazi Passover-eve service as we know it today (except for Grace after Meals which was deliberately omitted by the scribe) as the main text in the centre of the page. In the margins is Maimonides' Hilkhot Hamez Umatsah, 'Laws Concerning Leavened and Unleavened Bread' a classical survey of Passover and its ceremonies. In addition, the exquisitely illuminated section devoted to the piyyutim (liturgical poems and songs) for all four evenings of the festival of Passover has been included, in the margins of which is a medieval text on weights and measures.

Megillat Esther
- the limited edition facsimile
"Megillat Esther
Every facsimile project presents a raft of new challenges, but this scroll demanded the development of so many innovative techniques that it would have deterred all but the most dedicated of publishers.
Craftsmen from England, Israel and Italy worked to combine the latest digital technologies with the age-old processes of parchment-making and lost-wax casting. The result is a facsimile which, according to Bill Gross, the owner of the manuscript, is virtually indistinguishable from the original. And because the materials used are parchment and sterling silver, the facsimiles look and feel exactly the same as the originals, and should last just as long."

Rothschild Miscellany
- the limited edition facsimile
The Rothschild Miscellany was commissioned by Moses ben Yekuthiel Hakohen in 1479 and is the most elegantly and lavishly executed Hebrew manuscript of that era. From its inception it was planned as a sumptuous work to encompass, in minute detail, almost every custom of religious and secular Jewish life. The figure drawings and border decorations of the miniatures mirror the rich Italian Renaissance influence and were probably made in a workshop in the Ferrara region. Fanciful landscapes, spatial perspective settings and the precision of human and animal representations echo the style of the best artists who worked for the court of the Este in the third quarter of the fifteenth century. They may have been connected with the workshop of the artists who illuminated the famous Latin Bible of Borso d'Este. It contains a wealth of material illustrating almost every custom of daily life in a Jewish Renaissance household. Of 948 pages, 816 are decorated in minute detail in vibrant colours, gold and silver. No other Hebrew manuscript equals the richness and scope of the illumination of this Miscellany.

Parma Psalter
- the limited edition facsimile
The Parma Psalter
Of all medieval Hebrew manuscript Psalters (tehillim), one of the earliest and most important to survive is the masterpiece Ms. Parm. 1870 (Cod. De Rossi 510), the treasure of the Palatina Library in Parma, Italy. This profusely illuminated book of Psalms was written and decorated in about 1280, probably in Emilia in Northern Italy. Its pages contain the biblical text in a clear, large vocalized Hebrew hand. Each psalm is illuminated and numbered, and many are exquisitely illustrated with musical instruments or with scenes described in the text.
The illustrations in this manuscript are particularly valuable for musicologists and art historians of the Middle Ages as depictions of contemporary musical instruments are extremely rare and the Parma Psalter contains many.
This sumptuous manuscript comprises 226 folios (452 pages), 13.5cm x 10cm (5.33" x 4.0") contained in 23 quires. One 16-page quire, added at a later date, contains the ceremonies for engagements, marriages, circumcisions and funerals, as well as for the end of a Sabbath followed by a Festival, times at which Psalms were especially recited. The rich decorations are characterized by the delicate use of harmonious colours; gold is used liberally but with sensitivity, the illuminator carefully balancing the Psalms and commentary with the images in the margin. This manuscript is one of the great treasures of early Hebrew manuscript illumination.

North French Miscellany
- the limited edition facsimile
The North French Hebrew Miscellany is the British Library's finest Hebraic treasure. Completed over 720 years ago at a time of upheaval for the Jews of Europe, its contents are so varied and extensive that this volume should be considered more a library than a book. It comprises 84 different groups of texts, including hundreds of poems, reflecting the intellectual tastes of its medieval patron. These include the Pentateuch and Haftarot (readings from the Prophets), Song of Songs and several other biblical texts; the daily, Sabbath and festival prayers, including those for Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur; Grace after Meals; Pirkei Avot (Ethics of the Fathers); assorted legal codes and formulae for agreements concerning marriage, divorce and business partnerships; an arithmetical riddle; laws governing Tefilin, Ritual Slaughter and an abundance of other texts including the Mezuzah; the earliest extant copy of the Hebrew version of the Book of Tobit, a wide range of medieval poetry and the earliest known copy of Isaac de Corbeil's Sefer Mitsvot Katan, which was composed in 1277.
Of no less importance than the texts is the breadth and scope of the elaborate programme of illumination. Most of the 1,494 pages are decorated in the style of the finest artists of the High Gothic period. Ashkenazi Hebrew manuscript illumination reached a peak of excellence during a brief period in northern France, but very few manuscripts from this school have survived.

Dead Sea Scrolls
- the limited edition facsimile
Found inadvertently in 1947, the Dead Sea Scrolls are regarded by many as the most important archaeological find of the twentieth century.